International Environmental Agreements Include
1.13 In Canada, Parliament and Canadians do not always have sufficient information on the progress made under our agreements. In our 1998 report, Chapter 2, Working Globally – Canada`s International Environmental Commitments, we noted that Canada did not always have an overview of the quality of its compliance with its international environmental commitments. 1.27 In addition, the Governing Council of Canada and its secretariat are the board of directors of the federal government. The Secretariat has a central role in overseeing government-wide management practices and the justification of costs and benefits. The Secretariat also supports the activities of the Cabinet Expenditure Audit Committee, which conducts an ongoing review of all public expenditures, management and operations. The objective is to better understand the results and services of programs that can be provided with existing resources and to identify ways to redirect resources towards higher priorities. Officials from the Treasury Board Secretariat said the expenditure review process would likely cover all activities of the divisions, including those related to international environmental agreements. Following our audit, the Secretariat informed us that following the 2004 federal election, the Privy Council Office was tasked with assisting the Expenditure Review Committee, which is now a subcommittee of the Finance Committee. It took 16 years for more than 100 countries to ratify the World Heritage Convention and the VILLES agreements, which were first ratified in the 1970s. However, the Kyoto Protocol was first ratified in 1998 and took only five years to reach the same point, and the Paris Agreement (2016) received 121 ratifications in its first year. 1.16 Because international environmental agreements reflect the federal government`s important environmental policy, Canadians should know what they have and have not achieved. In line with the federal agenda and commitments, we are committed to examining responsibility for the results of certain international environmental agreements.
International Environmental Agreements (EIAs) are signed contracts that govern or manage man`s impact on the environment in order to protect them. 1.7 Importance of environmental agreements. . . . .